Optic neuritis in an ethnically diverse population: Higher risk of atypical cases in patients of African or African-Caribbean heritage

Mithu Storoni, Sean J Pittock, Brian G Weinshenker, Gordon T. Plant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the presence of an ethnicity bias within patients presenting with optic neuritis in London. Design: Observational cross-sectional study. Methods: The ethnicity profile of all patients attending a neuro-ophthalmology clinic in central London with acute optic neuritis over a 16 month period (n = 86) was studied. A comparison was made with the ethnicity profile of the population of London as well as patients with Multiple Sclerosis-associated optic neuritis (n = 41), Neuromyelitis Optica spectrum disorder-associated optic neuritis (n = 27) and patients with an atypical corticosteroid-dependent optic neuropathy (21). Results: The ethnicity profile of the patient cohort presenting to our clinic with acute optic neuritis over a 16 month period closely matched the ethnicity profile of London (P = 0.08). Within this cohort, patients of African or African-Caribbean heritage were found to be more likely to manifest either a pattern or aetiology of optic neuritis requiring immunosuppressive treatment in comparison with patients of a white Caucasian background (relative risk 3.47; 95% CI = 1.092 to 11.007). There was a disproportionately high representation of patients from an African or African-Caribbean background within the Neuromyelitis Optica spectrum-related optic neuritis diagnostic group (P < 0.00). Conclusions: Patients with acute isolated optic neuritis from African or African Caribbean backgrounds are over 3 times more likely than patients of white Caucasian backgrounds to have an 'atypical' pattern of optic neuritis where corticosteroid therapy may be required. Our results suggest that a patient's ethnic background is an important factor to be taken into consideration when deciding on the diagnosis and management of acute isolated optic neuritis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume312
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2012

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Keywords

  • Aquaporin 4
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Neuromyelitis optica
  • Optic neuritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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