Nutrition and cancer: Some practical approaches to management

Heidi McKean, Aminah Jatoi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Much has been written about nutrition and cancer, and much has been written about cancer in the elderly. However, the overlap of all three of these subjects-nutrition, cancer, and the elderly-yields a dearth of publications. In considering this convergence of subjects, three points become apparent. First, malnutrition and its association with poor outcomes is a foregone conclusion among older cancer patients, as it is among their younger counterparts. For example, Fukuse and others described postoperative complications in a cohort of 120 thoracic surgery patients, many of whom had had lung cancer.1 Evidence of malnutrition was associated with a sevenfold increase in air leaks (p = 0.045), which were presumably a consequence of healing impairments related to nutritional compromise. Although this study provided no comparative data from a younger cohort, it nonetheless makes the point that older cancer patients do definitely suffer morbidity in the setting of malnutrition, and that focusing upon and understanding the implications of malnutrition even among older cancer patients is a worthwhile pursuit.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGeriatric Nutrition
PublisherCRC Press
Pages421-432
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781420005493
ISBN (Print)0849338158, 9780849338151
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    McKean, H., & Jatoi, A. (2007). Nutrition and cancer: Some practical approaches to management. In Geriatric Nutrition (pp. 421-432). CRC Press.