Normative model of human hand for biomechanical analysis

K. N. An, E. Y. Chao, W. P. Cooney, R. L. Linscheid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

180 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A three-dimensional normative model of the hand was established, based on the averaged anatomical structure of ten normal hand specimens. The joint and tendon orientations were defined from biplanar X-ray films. The configurations of the hand at the joints were described by the classic Eulerian angles. Force potential and moment potential parameters were utilized to describe the contribution of each tendon in the force analysis. The mean values of these two parameters were used to compute the designated two points for each tendon at each joint in the normative model. With appropriate coordinate transformations at the joints, the tendon locations and excursions under various functional configurations can be computed. This model can be used to perform force and motion analyses for both normal and pathological hands.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)775-788
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume12
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979

Fingerprint

Tendons
Hand
Joints
Hand Joints
X ray films
X-Ray Film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

An, K. N., Chao, E. Y., Cooney, W. P., & Linscheid, R. L. (1979). Normative model of human hand for biomechanical analysis. Journal of Biomechanics, 12(10), 775-788. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9290(79)90163-5

Normative model of human hand for biomechanical analysis. / An, K. N.; Chao, E. Y.; Cooney, W. P.; Linscheid, R. L.

In: Journal of Biomechanics, Vol. 12, No. 10, 1979, p. 775-788.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

An, KN, Chao, EY, Cooney, WP & Linscheid, RL 1979, 'Normative model of human hand for biomechanical analysis', Journal of Biomechanics, vol. 12, no. 10, pp. 775-788. https://doi.org/10.1016/0021-9290(79)90163-5
An, K. N. ; Chao, E. Y. ; Cooney, W. P. ; Linscheid, R. L. / Normative model of human hand for biomechanical analysis. In: Journal of Biomechanics. 1979 ; Vol. 12, No. 10. pp. 775-788.
@article{5d60a5103a4c44f9b3ecf66c1a901506,
title = "Normative model of human hand for biomechanical analysis",
abstract = "A three-dimensional normative model of the hand was established, based on the averaged anatomical structure of ten normal hand specimens. The joint and tendon orientations were defined from biplanar X-ray films. The configurations of the hand at the joints were described by the classic Eulerian angles. Force potential and moment potential parameters were utilized to describe the contribution of each tendon in the force analysis. The mean values of these two parameters were used to compute the designated two points for each tendon at each joint in the normative model. With appropriate coordinate transformations at the joints, the tendon locations and excursions under various functional configurations can be computed. This model can be used to perform force and motion analyses for both normal and pathological hands.",
author = "An, {K. N.} and Chao, {E. Y.} and Cooney, {W. P.} and Linscheid, {R. L.}",
year = "1979",
doi = "10.1016/0021-9290(79)90163-5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "12",
pages = "775--788",
journal = "Journal of Biomechanics",
issn = "0021-9290",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Normative model of human hand for biomechanical analysis

AU - An, K. N.

AU - Chao, E. Y.

AU - Cooney, W. P.

AU - Linscheid, R. L.

PY - 1979

Y1 - 1979

N2 - A three-dimensional normative model of the hand was established, based on the averaged anatomical structure of ten normal hand specimens. The joint and tendon orientations were defined from biplanar X-ray films. The configurations of the hand at the joints were described by the classic Eulerian angles. Force potential and moment potential parameters were utilized to describe the contribution of each tendon in the force analysis. The mean values of these two parameters were used to compute the designated two points for each tendon at each joint in the normative model. With appropriate coordinate transformations at the joints, the tendon locations and excursions under various functional configurations can be computed. This model can be used to perform force and motion analyses for both normal and pathological hands.

AB - A three-dimensional normative model of the hand was established, based on the averaged anatomical structure of ten normal hand specimens. The joint and tendon orientations were defined from biplanar X-ray films. The configurations of the hand at the joints were described by the classic Eulerian angles. Force potential and moment potential parameters were utilized to describe the contribution of each tendon in the force analysis. The mean values of these two parameters were used to compute the designated two points for each tendon at each joint in the normative model. With appropriate coordinate transformations at the joints, the tendon locations and excursions under various functional configurations can be computed. This model can be used to perform force and motion analyses for both normal and pathological hands.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0018686260&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0018686260&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/0021-9290(79)90163-5

DO - 10.1016/0021-9290(79)90163-5

M3 - Article

C2 - 489628

AN - SCOPUS:0018686260

VL - 12

SP - 775

EP - 788

JO - Journal of Biomechanics

JF - Journal of Biomechanics

SN - 0021-9290

IS - 10

ER -