Non-invasive coronary angiography with high resolution multidetector-row computed tomography: Results in 102 patients

Andreas F. Kopp, S. Schroeder, A. Kuettner, A. Baumbach, C. Georg, R. Kuzo, M. Heuschmid, B. Ohnesorge, K. R. Karsch, C. D. Claussen

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250 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: A new generation of multidetector-row CT (MDCT) scanners allows complete coronary coverage using retrospective ECG gating and 1 mm. slices. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of high resolution MDCT angiography with retrospective gating for detection of coronary artery stenoses. Methods and Results: A total of 102 patients underwent both conventional and MDCT coronary angiography. After intravenous injection of a non-ionic contrast medium the entire heart was scanned within a single breath hold using 1 mm. slices. All MDCT data sets were reconstructed with retrospective gating at 20% to 80% in increments of 10% relative to the cardiac cycle. Two blinded independent reviewers analysed image quality for segments 1-4 (right coronary artery), 5-8 (left main, left anterior descending), and 11, 12 (left circumflex). These segments were evaluated for the presence or absence of significant (≥50%) stenoses. The results were compared with those of invasive coronary angiography in a blinded fashion. Overall sensitivity for the detection of significant stenoses (≥50%) were 0.86 (reader 1) and 0.93 (reader 2), specificity 0.96 (reader 1) and 0.97 (reader 2), negative predictive value 0.98 (reader 1) and 0.99 (reader 2). Conclusions: High resolution MDCT angiography with retrospective gating permits the non-invasive detection of coronary artery stenoses with high accuracy if image quality is optimized for each of the three major coronary arteries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1714-1725
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean heart journal
Volume23
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

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Keywords

  • Computed tomography angiography (CTA)
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD)
  • Image reconstruction
  • Multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Kopp, A. F., Schroeder, S., Kuettner, A., Baumbach, A., Georg, C., Kuzo, R., Heuschmid, M., Ohnesorge, B., Karsch, K. R., & Claussen, C. D. (2002). Non-invasive coronary angiography with high resolution multidetector-row computed tomography: Results in 102 patients. European heart journal, 23(21), 1714-1725. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0195-668X(02)93264-1