Aims: A new generation of multidetector-row CT (MDCT) scanners allows complete coronary coverage using retrospective ECG gating and 1 mm. slices. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of high resolution MDCT angiography with retrospective gating for detection of coronary artery stenoses. Methods and Results: A total of 102 patients underwent both conventional and MDCT coronary angiography. After intravenous injection of a non-ionic contrast medium the entire heart was scanned within a single breath hold using 1 mm. slices. All MDCT data sets were reconstructed with retrospective gating at 20% to 80% in increments of 10% relative to the cardiac cycle. Two blinded independent reviewers analysed image quality for segments 1-4 (right coronary artery), 5-8 (left main, left anterior descending), and 11, 12 (left circumflex). These segments were evaluated for the presence or absence of significant (≥50%) stenoses. The results were compared with those of invasive coronary angiography in a blinded fashion. Overall sensitivity for the detection of significant stenoses (≥50%) were 0.86 (reader 1) and 0.93 (reader 2), specificity 0.96 (reader 1) and 0.97 (reader 2), negative predictive value 0.98 (reader 1) and 0.99 (reader 2). Conclusions: High resolution MDCT angiography with retrospective gating permits the non-invasive detection of coronary artery stenoses with high accuracy if image quality is optimized for each of the three major coronary arteries.
- Computed tomography angiography (CTA)
- Coronary artery disease (CAD)
- Image reconstruction
- Multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine