Non-exercise physical activity in agricultural and urban people

James A. Levine, Shelly K. McCrady, Sandra Boyne, Joanne Smith, Kathryn Cargill, Terrence Forrester

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With evidence that urbanisation is associated with obesity, diabetes, hypertension and cardiovascular disease, this article compares daily physical activity between rural and urban dwellers. Specifically, it examines habitual daily activity levels, non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) and energy expenditure in agricultural and urban Jamaicans and urban North Americans. Ambulation was 60 per cent greater in rural Jamaicans than in the urban dwellers (4675 ± 2261 versus 2940 ± 1120 ambulation-attributed arbitrary units (AU)/day; P = 0.001). Levels of ambulation in lean urban Jamaicans were similar to those in lean urban North Americans, whereas obese urban dwellers walked less than their lean urban counterparts (2198 ± 516 versus 2793 ± 774 AU/day; P = 0.01). The data with respect to daily sitting mirrored the walking data; obese Americans sat for almost four hours more each day than rural Jamaicans (562 ± 78 versus 336 ± 68 minutes/day; P < 0.001). Urbanisation is associated with low levels of daily activity and NEAT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2417-2427
Number of pages11
JournalUrban Studies
Volume48
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

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physical exercise
physical activity
urbanization
hypertension
obesity
diabetes
cardiovascular disease
walking
expenditure
energy
chronic illness
expenditures
Disease
evidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Urban Studies

Cite this

Levine, J. A., McCrady, S. K., Boyne, S., Smith, J., Cargill, K., & Forrester, T. (2011). Non-exercise physical activity in agricultural and urban people. Urban Studies, 48(11), 2417-2427. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098010379273

Non-exercise physical activity in agricultural and urban people. / Levine, James A.; McCrady, Shelly K.; Boyne, Sandra; Smith, Joanne; Cargill, Kathryn; Forrester, Terrence.

In: Urban Studies, Vol. 48, No. 11, 08.2011, p. 2417-2427.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Levine, JA, McCrady, SK, Boyne, S, Smith, J, Cargill, K & Forrester, T 2011, 'Non-exercise physical activity in agricultural and urban people', Urban Studies, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 2417-2427. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098010379273
Levine JA, McCrady SK, Boyne S, Smith J, Cargill K, Forrester T. Non-exercise physical activity in agricultural and urban people. Urban Studies. 2011 Aug;48(11):2417-2427. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098010379273
Levine, James A. ; McCrady, Shelly K. ; Boyne, Sandra ; Smith, Joanne ; Cargill, Kathryn ; Forrester, Terrence. / Non-exercise physical activity in agricultural and urban people. In: Urban Studies. 2011 ; Vol. 48, No. 11. pp. 2417-2427.
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