Neck Procedures: Thyroid and Parathyroid

Nirvikar Dahiya, Maitray D. Patel, Scott W. Young

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and core biopsy of masses in the neck predominantly include samples from thyroid nodules, parathyroids and lymph nodes. The diagnostic rate of a thyroid nodule FNA improves up to 6 passes and then does not significantly change. Thyroid FNA can be performed on patients who are anticoagulated. Appropriate transducer selection is essential for visualization of the needle. Lymph node biopsies can be additionally sampled for thyroglobulin assay to improve sensitivity for detection of recurrent carcinoma. Parathyroid FNA usually involves additional estimation of parathyroid hormone concentration in needle washouts. Biopsies of the neck are simple procedures with minimal complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1085-1098
Number of pages14
JournalRadiologic Clinics of North America
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • Core biopsy
  • Fine needle
  • Sonography
  • Thyroid
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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