Nanotherapeutic systems for local treatment of brain tumors

Rami Walid Chakroun, Pengcheng Zhang, Ran Lin, Paula Schiapparelli, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa, Honggang Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Malignant brain tumor, including the most common type glioblastoma, are histologically heterogeneous and invasive tumors known as the most devastating neoplasms with high morbidity and mortality. Despite multimodal treatment including surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy, the disease inevitably recurs and is fatal. This lack of curative options has motivated researchers to explore new treatment strategies and to develop new drug delivery systems (DDSs); however, the unique anatomical, physiological, and pathological features of brain tumors greatly limit the effectiveness of conventional chemotherapy. In this context, we review the recent progress in the development of nanoparticle-based DDSs aiming to address the key challenges in transporting sufficient amount of therapeutic agents into the brain tumor areas while minimizing the potential side effects. We first provide an overview of the standard treatments currently used in the clinic for the management of brain cancers, discussing the effectiveness and limitations of each therapy. We then provide an in-depth review of nanotherapeutic systems that are intended to bypass the blood–brain barrier, overcome multidrug resistance, infiltrate larger tumorous tissue areas, and/or release therapeutic agents in a controlled manner. WIREs Nanomed Nanobiotechnol 2018, 10:e1479. doi: 10.1002/wnan.1479. This article is categorized under: Implantable Materials and Surgical Technologies > Nanomaterials and Implants Therapeutic Approaches and Drug Discovery > Nanomedicine for Oncologic Disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere1479
JournalWiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Nanomedicine and Nanobiotechnology
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomedical Engineering

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nanotherapeutic systems for local treatment of brain tumors'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this