A 23-year-old man suffered since adolescence from recurrent myoglobinuria. His ketone body production during fasting was normal. Muscle, liver, and platelet carnitine palmityltransferase (CPT) ranged from 4 to 27% of control by isotope exchange and backward assays. Forward CPT activity was 34% of control in liver, whereas in muscle and platelets it was either normal or absent depending on the experimental conditions. CPT residual activity was studied with malonyl-CoA, a physiologic inhibitor of CPT-I (sensitive fraction) in rat liver mitochondria. In our patient, the insensitive fraction was missing in muscle, liver, and platelets, while the sensitive fraction was increased considerably in the same tissues. Similar results were obtained in platelets of two other patients with CPT deficiency. Increased malonyl-CoA sensitive CPT and decreased mal-onyl-CoA insensitive CPT suggest absence of only the CPT-II isoenzyme in these patients.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology