We report a newborn male with multiple congenital anomalies including growth retardation, hypotonia, dysmorphic facies, widely-spaced nipples, micropenis, cryptorchidism, optic nerve hypoplasia, heart disease, and a striking, high-pitched cry. Chromosome analysis revealed de novo partial trisomy 11q due to a der(5)t(5;11)(p15.3;q22). Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed loss of the 5p telomere signal on the der(5) chromosome, indicating the infant has partial monosomy 5p in addition to partial trisomy 11q. Among cases involving trisomy 11q, an unusual cry has only been documented in the presence of a der(5)t(5p;11q). This apparent dependence of the abnormal cry on monosomy 5p suggested the same genetic mechanism that occurs in Cri du chat syndrome (CDCS) may be responsible for the atypical cry in der(5)t(5p;11q) individuals. Neither a commercial CDCS probe (LSI D5S23, D5S721) nor a series of BAC clones encompassing distal regions implicated in the CDCS-associated cat-cry were deleted in our patient. These results suggest a second cry-modifying locus maps telomeric to BAC RP11-94J21 in band 5p15.33. This locus may not only cause the abnormal cry in individuals with a der(5)t(5p;11q) but could also contribute to the phenotypic variability and discordant mapping studies observed for CDCS.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology