Background:Premature infants are at increased risk for airway diseases, such as wheezing and asthma, because of early exposure to risk factors including hyperoxia. As in adult asthma, airway remodeling and increased extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition is involved.Methods:We assessed the impact of 24-72 h of moderate hyperoxia (50%) on human fetal airway smooth muscle (fASM) ECM deposition through western blot, modified in-cell western, and zymography techniques.Results:Hyperoxia exposure significantly increased collagen I and collagen III deposition, increased pro- and cleaved matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) activity, and decreased endogenous MMP inhibitor, TIMP1, expression. Hyperoxia-induced change in caveolin-1 (CAV1) expression was assessed as a potential mechanism for the changes in ECM deposition. CAV1 expression was decreased following hyperoxia. Supplementation of CAV1 activity with caveolar scaffolding domain (CSD) peptide abrogated the hyperoxia-mediated ECM changes.Conclusion:These results demonstrate that moderate hyperoxia enhances ECM deposition in developing airways by altering the balance between MMPs and their inhibitors (TIMPs), and by increasing collagen deposition. These effects are partly mediated by a hyperoxia-induced decrease in CAV1 expression. In conjunction with prior data demonstrating increased fASM proliferation with hyperoxia, these data further demonstrate that hyperoxia is an important instigator of remodeling in developing airways.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health