Methylation of leukocyte DNA and ovarian cancer: Relationships with disease status and outcome

Brooke L. Fridley, Sebastian M. Armasu, Mine S. Cicek, Melissa C. Larson, Chen Wang, Stacey J. Winham, Kimberly R. Kalli, Devin C. Koestler, David N. Rider, Viji Shridhar, Janet E. Olson, Julie M. Cunningham, Ellen L. Goode

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Genome-wide interrogation of DNA methylation (DNAm) in blood-derived leukocytes has become feasible with the advent of CpG genotyping arrays. In epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), one report found substantial DNAm differences between cases and controls; however, many of these disease-associated CpGs were attributed to differences in white blood cell type distributions. Methods. We examined blood-based DNAm in 336 EOC cases and 398 controls; we included only high-quality CpG loci that did not show evidence of association with white blood cell type distributions to evaluate association with case status and overall survival. Results: Of 13,816 CpGs, no significant associations were observed with survival, although eight CpGs associated with survival at p < 10-3, including methylation within a CpG island located in the promoter region of GABRE (p = 5.38 x 10-5, HR = 0.95). In contrast, 53 CpG methylation sites were significantly associated with EOC risk (p <5 x10-6). The top association was observed for the methylation probe cg04834572 located approximately 315 kb upstream of DUSP13 (p = 1.6 x10-14). Other disease-associated CpGs included those near or within HHIP (cg14580567; p =5.6x10-11), HDAC3 (cg10414058; p = 6.3x10-12), and SCR (cg05498681; p = 4.8x10-7). Conclusions: We have identified several CpGs in leukocytes that are differentially methylated by case-control status. Since a retrospective study design was used, we cannot differentiate whether DNAm was etiologic or resulting from EOC; thus, prospective studies of EOC-associated loci are the critical next step.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number21
JournalBMC medical genomics
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 28 2014

Keywords

  • CpG genotyping arrays
  • DNA methylation
  • Epithelial ovarian cancer
  • Etiology
  • Overall survival
  • Pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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