CD38, a bifunctional enzyme capable of both synthesis and hydrolysis of the second messenger cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR). Using the natural substrate of the enzyme, NAD+, the ratio of ADP-ribosyl cyclase/NAD glycohydrolase of CD38 is about 1/100. Here we describe that human seminal fluid contain a soluble CD38 like enzyme with an apparent M.W. of 49 kDa. When purified this enzyme has a cyclase/NAD glycohydrolase ratio of about 1/120. However, the in situ cyclase/NAD glycohydrolase ratio measured in seminal plasma approaches 1/1. We also found that physiological concentrations of zinc present in the seminal fluid, in the range of 0.6 to 4 mM, are responsible for the modulation of the cyclase/NAD glycohydrolase ratio. This new information indicates that the cyclase/NAD glycohydrolase ratio can be modified in vivo.
- Endoplasmic reticulum
- Ryanodine channel
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)