Messenger ribonucleic acid levels of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A and the proform of eosinophil major basic protein: Expression in human reproductive and nonreproductive tissues

Michael T. Overgaard, Claus Oxvig, Michael Christiansen, James B. Lawrence, Cheryl A. Conover, Gerald J. Gleich, Lars Sottrup-Jensen, Jesper Haaning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

PAPP-A/proMBP, the complex of pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and the proform of eosinophil major basic protein (proMBP), circulates at increasing levels during pregnancy. The major site of synthesis is the placenta, in which PAPPA mRNA has been localized to the syncytiotrophoblast and the placental X cells, whereas proMBP mRNA has been localized to the placental X cells only. The function of PAPP-A/proMBP and its components has remained speculative for years. Recently, however, it has been shown that PAPP-A specifically cleaves insulin-like growth factor (IGF) binding protein-4 in an IGF-dependent manner. Female reproductive and nonreproductive tissues have previously been reported to contain PAPP-A immunoreactivity, based on studies using preparations of anti(PAPPA/proMBP), now known to recognize both PAPP-A and proMBP, and other irrelevant antigens. To analyze for the presence of PAPP-A and proMBP mRNA, a sensitive semiquantitative reverse transcription (RT) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was developed. Reverse-transcribed poly(A)+ RNA was used as a template in a competitive PCR. PAPP-A and proMBP mRNA levels were normalized against the level of β-actin mRNA. Both mRNA species were significantly more abundant in term placenta than in other tissues analyzed. All analyzed tissues, including endometrium, myometrium, colon, and kidney, contained both PAPP-A and proMBP mRNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1083-1089
Number of pages7
JournalBiology of Reproduction
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Reproductive Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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