Melanoma antigen A4 is expressed in non-small cell lung cancers and promotes apoptosis

Tobias Peikert, Ulrich Specks, Carol Farver, Serpil C. Erzurum, Suzy A.A. Comhair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations

Abstract

A variety of melanoma antigen A (MAGE-A) genes are commonly detected in non-small cell lung cancers. Their biological function is not well characterized but may involve the regulation of apoptosis and cell cycle progression. We hypothesized that MAGE-A4 is involved in the regulation of apoptosis. To investigate this, expression of MAGE-A was evaluated. MAGE-A4 was expressed in 48% of non-small cell lung carcinomas. Ninety percent of lung carcinomas expressing MAGE-A4 were classified as squamous cell carcinomas and 10% were adenocarcinomas. Tumor-free surrounding lung tissue was negative for MAGE-A4. A molecular clone of MAGE-A4 derived from human lung cancer was stably expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (293 cells) to evaluate effects on cell death. Overexpression of MAGE-A4 increased apoptosis as measured by the apoptotic index (P < 0.0001) and caspase-3 activity (P < 0.002). Exposure to 25 μmol/L etoposide, a chemotherapeutic agent, increased the apoptotic effect (P < 0.0001). Furthermore, we show that MAGE-A4 silencing using a small interfering RNA approach results in decreased caspase-3 activity in the squamous cell lung cancer cell line H1703 by 58% (P = 0.0027) and by 24% (P = 0.028) in 293/ MAGE-A4 cells. These findings suggest that MAGE-A4 expression may promote tumor cell death, sensitize malignancies to apoptotic stimuli, such as chemotherapeutic agents, and therefore may represent a tumor suppressor protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4693-4700
Number of pages8
JournalCancer research
Volume66
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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