Medical history, lifestyle, family history, and occupational risk factors for mycosis fungoides and sézary syndrome: The InterLymph non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes project

Briseis Aschebrook-Kilfoy, Pierluigi Cocco, Carlo La Vecchia, Ellen T. Chang, Claire M. Vajdic, Marshall E. Kadin, John J. Spinelli, Lindsay M. Morton, Eleanor V. Kane, Joshua N. Sampson, Carol Kasten, Andrew L. Feldman, Sophia S. Wang, Yawei Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome (MF/SS) are rare cutaneous T-cell lymphomas. Their etiology is poorly understood. Methods: A pooled analysis of 324 MF/SS cases and 17217 controls from 14 case-control studies from Europe, North America, and Australia, as part of the International Lymphoma Epidemiology Consortium (InterLymph) Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL) Subtypes Project, was carried out to investigate associations with lifestyle, medical history, family history, and occupational risk factors. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: We found an increased risk of MF/SS associated with body mass index equal to or larger than 30 kg/m2 (OR = 1.57, 95% CI = 1.03 to 2.40), cigarette smoking for 40 years or more (OR = 1.55, 95% CI = 1.04 to 2.31), eczema (OR = 2.38, 95% CI = 1.73 to 3.29), family history of multiple myeloma (OR = 8.49, 95% CI = 3.31 to 21.80), and occupation as crop and vegetable farmers (OR = 2.37, 95% CI = 1.14 to 4.92), painters (OR = 3.71, 95% CI = 1.94 to 7.07), woodworkers (OR = 2.20, 95% CI = 1.18 to 4.08), and general carpenters (OR = 4.07, 95% CI = 1.54 to 10.75). We also found a reduced risk of MF/SS associated with moderate leisure time physical activity (OR = 0.46, 95% CI = 0.22 to 0.97). Conclusions: Our study provided the first detailed analysis of risk factors for MF/SS and further investigation is needed to confirm these findings in prospective data and in other populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)98-105
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the National Cancer Institute - Monographs
Issue number48
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Aschebrook-Kilfoy, B., Cocco, P., La Vecchia, C., Chang, E. T., Vajdic, C. M., Kadin, M. E., Spinelli, J. J., Morton, L. M., Kane, E. V., Sampson, J. N., Kasten, C., Feldman, A. L., Wang, S. S., & Zhang, Y. (2014). Medical history, lifestyle, family history, and occupational risk factors for mycosis fungoides and sézary syndrome: The InterLymph non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes project. Journal of the National Cancer Institute - Monographs, (48), 98-105. https://doi.org/10.1093/jncimonographs/lgu008