Background and Purpose - The role of hydrogen peroxide in the regulation of cerebral arterial tone is not completely understood. Previous studies have demonstrated that hydrogen peroxide causes vasodilation of small cerebral arteries. The present study was designed to determine the mechanisms responsible for relaxations of large cerebral arteries to hydrogen peroxide. Methods - Rings of canine middle cerebral arteries without endothelium were suspended for isometric force recording in modified Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate solution bubbled with 94% O2/6% CO2 (37°C, pH 7.4). Radioimmunoassay technique was used to determine the levels of cAMP and cGMP. Results - During contraction to UTP (3x10-6 or 10-5 mol/L), hydrogen peroxide (10-6 to 10-4 mol/L) caused concentration-dependent relaxations. Catalase (1200 U/mL) abolished the relaxations to hydrogen peroxide. Inhibition of cyclooxygenase by indomethacin (10-5 mol/L) significantly reduced relaxations to hydrogen peroxide. In arteries contracted by KCl (20 mmol/L), the relaxations to hydrogen peroxide were significantly reduced. In the presence of a nonselective potassium channel inhibitor, BaCl2 (10-4 mol/L), a delayed rectifier potassium channel inhibitor, 4-aminopyridine (10-3 mol/L), or a calcium-activated potassium channel inhibitor, charybdotoxin (3x10-8 mol/L), the relaxations to hydrogen peroxide were also significantly reduced. An ATP-sensitive potassium channel inhibitor, glyburide (5x10-6 mol/L), did not affect the relaxations to hydrogen peroxide. Hydrogen peroxide produced concentration-dependent increase in levels of cAMP. Indomethacin (10-5 mol/L) inhibited the stimulatory effect of hydrogen peroxide on cAMP production. In contrast, hydrogen peroxide did not affect the levels of cGMP. Conclusions - These results suggest that hydrogen peroxide may cause relaxations of large cerebral arteries in part by activation of arachidonic acid metabolism via cyclooxygenase pathway with subsequent increase in cAMP levels and activation of potassium channels.
- Cyclic AMP
- Potassium channels
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing