We examined the mechanical consequences of high partial transverse sacrectomy. Ten human cadaveric pelves were randomly assigned to three groups. In the Control Group, the sacrum was left entirely intact. In Group I, transverse partial sacrectomy was performed just caudal to the S1 neural foramina. In Group II, transverse partial sacrectomy was performed just cephalad to the S1 neural foramina. Each pelvis was mounted on a testing apparatus and loaded vertically at the L4/L5 disk space until failure occurred. The average resection of the sacroiliac joints was 16% in Group I, and 25% in Group II. The average load to failure was 3014 N in the Control Group, 2166 N in Group I, and 1045 N in Group II. The average stiffness was 353 N/mm in the Control Group, 222 N/mm in Group I, and 100 N/mm in Group II. All specimens failed because of fractures through the sacrum (mostly Denis Zone II) in the sagittal plane. Using the literature to predict normal forces at the lumbosacral junction, we suggest Group I pelves could withstand postoperative mobilization without fracture, whereas Group II would probably not. Reconstruction should therefore be considered when performing transverse partial sacrectomy above the S1 nerve root.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical orthopaedics and related research|
|State||Published - Sep 2006|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine