Purpose: Increased expression of the multidrug resistance gene (MDR1) has been implicated in osteosarcoma prognosis. This study represents the first prospective assessment of the prognostic value of MDR1 mRNA expression in patients with newly diagnosed extremity osteosarcoma. Patients and Methods: A series of patients with high-grade, nonmetastatic extremity osteosarcoma were enrolled from six tertiary care institutions and observed prospectively for tumor recurrence (median follow-up duration, 30 months). All patients were treated with (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy and surgery. Tumors from 123 patients were analyzed for MDR1 mRNA expression. The association of the level of MDR1 expression with the risk of systemic recurrence was examined using survival analyses with traditional and histologic markers as prognostic factors. Results: Using the highest MDR1 value for each patient, a dose-response relationship was not identified between the level of MDR1 expression and systemic relapse (relative risk, 1.15; P = .44). Analyses based on biopsy or resection values alone gave similar results (P = .11 and .41, respectively, log rank test). In multivariate analysis, large tumor size (> 9 cm) was the only significant independent prediction of systemic outcome (relative risk, 2.8; P = .002). Conclusion: We did not identify any correlation between MDR1 mRNA expression and disease progression in patients with osteosarcoma. It is likely that alterations in other genes are involved in resistance to chemotherapy in osteosarcoma and that they play a more critical role than MDR1 in this disease. (C) 2000 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research