Lymphoid enhancer factor-1 and β-catenin inhibit Runx2-dependent transcriptional activation of the osteocalcin promoter

Rachel A. Kahler, Jennifer J. Westendorf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

163 Scopus citations

Abstract

Functional control of the transcription factor Runx2 is crucial for normal bone formation. Runx2 is detectable throughout osteoblast development and maturation and temporally regulates several bone-specific genes. In this study, we identified a novel post-translational mechanism regulating Runx2-dependent activation of the osteocalcin promoter. A functional binding site for the high mobility group protein lymphoid enhancer-binding factor 1 (LEF1) was found adjacent to the proximal Runx2-binding site in the osteocalcin promoter. In transcription assays, LEF1 repressed Runx2-induced activation of the mouse osteocalcin 2 promoter in several osteoblast lineage cell lines. Mutations in the LEF1-binding site increased the basal activity of the osteocalcin promoter; however, the LEF1 recognition site in the osteocalcin promoter was surprisingly not required for LEF1 repression. A novel interaction between the DNA-binding domains of Runx2 and LEF1 was identified and found crucial for LEF1-mediated repression of Runx2. LEF1 is a nuclear effector of the Wnt/LRP5/β-catenin signaling pathway, which is also essential for osteoblast proliferation and normal skeletal development. A constitutively active β-catenin enhanced LEF1-dependent repression of Runx2. These data identify a novel mechanism of regulating Runx2 activity in osteoblasts and link Runx2 transcriptional activity to β-catenin signaling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11937-11944
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 4 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Lymphoid enhancer factor-1 and β-catenin inhibit Runx2-dependent transcriptional activation of the osteocalcin promoter'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this