Longterm blood pressure variability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and its effect on cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality in RA: A population-based comparative cohort study

Elena Myasoedova, Cynthia S. Crowson, Abigail B. Green, Eric L. Matteson, Sherine E. Gabriel

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine longterm visit-to-visit blood pressure (BP) variability in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) versus non-RA subjects and to assess its effect on cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality in RA. Methods: Clinic BP measures were collected in a population-based incident cohort of patients with RA (1987 American College of Rheumatology criteria met between January 1, 1995, and January 1, 2008) and non-RA subjects. BP variability was defined as within-subject SD in systolic and diastolic BP. Results: The study included 442 patients with RA (mean age 55.5 yrs, 70% females) and 424 non-RA subjects (mean age 55.7 yrs, 69% females). Patients with RA had higher visit-to-visit variability in systolic BP (13.8 ± 4.7 mm Hg) than did non-RA subjects (13.0 ± 5.2 mm Hg, p = 0.004). Systolic BP variability declined after the index date in RA (p < 0.001) but not in the non-RA cohort (p = 0.73), adjusting for age, sex, and calendar year of RA. During the mean followup of 7.1 years, 33 CV events and 57 deaths occurred in the RA cohort. Visit-to-visit systolic BP variability was associated with increased risk of CV events (HR per 1 mm Hg increase in BP variability 1.12, 95% CI 1.01-1.25). Diastolic BP variability was associated with all-cause mortality in RA (HR 1.14, 95% CI 1.03-1.27), adjusting for systolic and diastolic BP, body mass index, smoking, diabetes, dyslipidemia, and use of antihypertensives. Conclusion: Patients with RA had higher visit-to-visit systolic BP variability than did non-RA subjects. There was a significant decline in systolic BP variability after RA incidence. Higher visit-to-visit BP variability was associated with adverse CV outcomes and all-cause mortality in RA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1638-1644
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2014

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Keywords

  • Blood pressure variability
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Trends

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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