TY - JOUR

T1 - Linkage analysis using multiple DNA polymorphic markers in normal families and in families with fragile X syndrome

AU - Thibodeau, S. N.

AU - Dorkins, H. R.

AU - Faulk, K. R.

AU - Berry, R.

AU - Smith, A. C.M.

AU - Hagerman, R.

AU - King, A.

AU - Davies, K. E.

PY - 1988/7

Y1 - 1988/7

N2 - Linkage data, using the polymorphic markers 52A (DXS51), F9, 4D-8(DXS98), and St14(DXS52), are presented from 14 fragile X pedigrees and from 7 normal pedigrees derived from the collection of the Centre d'Étude du Polymorphisme Humaine. A multipoint linkage analysis indicates that the most probable order of these four loci in normal families is DXS51-F9-DXS98-DXS52. Recombination frequencies ( {Mathematical expression}) corresponding to maximum LOD scores ( {Mathematical expression}) were obtained by two-point linkage analysis for a nuber of linkage groups, including: DXS51-F9 ( {Mathematical expression}=5.94, {Mathematical expression}=0.03), F9-DXS98 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.51, {Mathematical expression}=0.26), F9-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.84, {Mathematical expression}=0.27), and DXS98-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.32, {Mathematical expression}=0.20). A multipoint linkage analysis of these loci, including the fragile X locus, was also performed for the fragile X population and the data support the relative order (DSX51, F9, DXS98)-FRAXA-DXS52. Recombination frequencies and maximum LOD scores, which again were derived from two-point linkage analyses, were obtained for the linkage groups DXS51-F9 ( {Mathematical expression}=9.96, {Mathematical expression}=0) and F9-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.07, {Mathematical expression}=0.45), as well as for the groups DXS51-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=2.42, {Mathematical expression}=0.15), F9-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=1.30, {Mathematical expression}=0.18), DXS98-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=0.05 {Mathematical expression}=0.36), and DXS52-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=2.42 {Mathematical expression}=0.15). The linkage data was further tested for the presence of genetic heterogeneity both within and between the fragile X and normal families for the intervals DXS51-F9, F9-DXS52, F9-FRAXA, and DXS52-FRAXA using a modification of the A test. Except for the interval F9-FRAXA (P<0.10) there was no evidence of genetic heterogeneity for each of the various linkage groups examined. The heterogeneity detected for the interval F9-FRAXA, however, was most likely due to one family (Fx-28) that displayed very tight linkage between these two loci.

AB - Linkage data, using the polymorphic markers 52A (DXS51), F9, 4D-8(DXS98), and St14(DXS52), are presented from 14 fragile X pedigrees and from 7 normal pedigrees derived from the collection of the Centre d'Étude du Polymorphisme Humaine. A multipoint linkage analysis indicates that the most probable order of these four loci in normal families is DXS51-F9-DXS98-DXS52. Recombination frequencies ( {Mathematical expression}) corresponding to maximum LOD scores ( {Mathematical expression}) were obtained by two-point linkage analysis for a nuber of linkage groups, including: DXS51-F9 ( {Mathematical expression}=5.94, {Mathematical expression}=0.03), F9-DXS98 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.51, {Mathematical expression}=0.26), F9-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.84, {Mathematical expression}=0.27), and DXS98-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.32, {Mathematical expression}=0.20). A multipoint linkage analysis of these loci, including the fragile X locus, was also performed for the fragile X population and the data support the relative order (DSX51, F9, DXS98)-FRAXA-DXS52. Recombination frequencies and maximum LOD scores, which again were derived from two-point linkage analyses, were obtained for the linkage groups DXS51-F9 ( {Mathematical expression}=9.96, {Mathematical expression}=0) and F9-DXS52 ( {Mathematical expression}=0.07, {Mathematical expression}=0.45), as well as for the groups DXS51-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=2.42, {Mathematical expression}=0.15), F9-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=1.30, {Mathematical expression}=0.18), DXS98-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=0.05 {Mathematical expression}=0.36), and DXS52-FRAXA ( {Mathematical expression}=2.42 {Mathematical expression}=0.15). The linkage data was further tested for the presence of genetic heterogeneity both within and between the fragile X and normal families for the intervals DXS51-F9, F9-DXS52, F9-FRAXA, and DXS52-FRAXA using a modification of the A test. Except for the interval F9-FRAXA (P<0.10) there was no evidence of genetic heterogeneity for each of the various linkage groups examined. The heterogeneity detected for the interval F9-FRAXA, however, was most likely due to one family (Fx-28) that displayed very tight linkage between these two loci.

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U2 - 10.1007/BF00366240

DO - 10.1007/BF00366240

M3 - Article

C2 - 3402993

AN - SCOPUS:0023751681

VL - 79

SP - 219

EP - 227

JO - Human Genetics

JF - Human Genetics

SN - 0340-6717

IS - 3

ER -