Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion for Stroke Prevention

Oluseun O. Alli, David Holmes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Atrial fibrillation (AF) remains the most common arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. One of its more common deleterious effects is the development of thromboembolism leading to stroke. The left atrial appendage (LAA) has been shown to the site of the majority of thrombus formation leading to stroke. Anticoagulation with warfarin has been the treatment of choice for prevention of embolic events. Newer anticoagulants have been developed but they still have the potential side effect of causing major bleeding. Occlusion of the LAA has emerged as an alternative therapeutic approach to medical therapy. The aim of this article is to discuss in detail the role of the LAA in thromboembolism in AF, role of device and surgical therapies, and the current clinical data supporting their use. This is particularly timely in that there is now an approved LAA closure device approved in the US for stroke prevention in patients with nonvalvular AF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)429-476
Number of pages48
JournalCurrent Problems in Cardiology
Volume40
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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