Late-life time-restricted feeding and exercise differentially alter healthspan in obesity

Marissa J. Schafer, Daniel L. Mazula, Ashley K. Brown, Thomas A. White, Elizabeth Atkinson, Vesselina M. Pearsall, Zaira Aversa, Grace C. Verzosa, Leslie A. Smith, Aleksey Matveyenko, Jordan D. Miller, Nathan K. LeBrasseur

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aging and obesity increase multimorbidity and disability risk, and determining interventions for reversing healthspan decline is a critical public health priority. Exercise and time-restricted feeding (TRF) benefit multiple health parameters when initiated in early life, but their efficacy and safety when initiated at older ages are uncertain. Here, we tested the effects of exercise versus TRF in diet-induced obese, aged mice from 20 to 24 months of age. We characterized healthspan across key domains: body composition, physical, metabolic, and cardiovascular function, activity of daily living (ADL) behavior, and pathology. We demonstrate that both exercise and TRF improved aspects of body composition. Exercise uniquely benefited physical function, and TRF uniquely benefited metabolism, ADL behavior, and circulating indicators of liver pathology. No adverse outcomes were observed in exercised mice, but in contrast, lean mass and cardiovascular maladaptations were observed following TRF. Through a composite index of benefits and risks, we conclude the net healthspan benefits afforded by exercise are more favorable than those of TRF. Extrapolating to obese older adults, exercise is a safe and effective option for healthspan improvement, but additional comprehensive studies are warranted before recommending TRF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere12966
JournalAging Cell
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • aging
  • exercise
  • healthspan
  • obesity
  • physical activity
  • time-restricted feeding

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

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    Schafer, M. J., Mazula, D. L., Brown, A. K., White, T. A., Atkinson, E., Pearsall, V. M., Aversa, Z., Verzosa, G. C., Smith, L. A., Matveyenko, A., Miller, J. D., & LeBrasseur, N. K. (2019). Late-life time-restricted feeding and exercise differentially alter healthspan in obesity. Aging Cell, 18(4), [e12966]. https://doi.org/10.1111/acel.12966