Lack of significant liver enzyme elevation and gallstones and/or sludge on ultrasound on day 1 of acute pancreatitis is associated with recurrence after cholecystectomy

A population-based study

Jan Trna, Santhi Swaroop Vege, Veronika Pribramska, Suresh T Chari, Patrick Sequeira Kamath, Michael L. Kendrick, Michael B. Farnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In a population-based study, we examined recurrence rates of acute pancreatitis (AP) after cholecystectomy performed to prevent recurrences of AP. Methods: We abstracted data from medical records of all Olmsted county residents who underwent cholecystectomy at Mayo Clinic for the management of presumed gallstone or idiopathic AP between 1990 and 2005 (n = 239). Based on (i) significantly elevated liver enzymes (≥threefold increase of alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase) on day 1 and (ii) the presence of gallstones/sludge in the gall bladder, we categorized patients into 4 groups: A (i + ii), B (i but not ii), C (ii but not i), and D (neither i nor ii). Recurrence rates of AP after cholecystectomy were determined in all groups. Results: The median follow-up after cholecystectomy was 99 months (range, 8-220). AP recurred in 13 of 142 patients (9%) in group A, 1 of 17 patients (6%) in group B, 13 of 57 patients (23%) in group C, and 14 of 23 patients (61%) in group D (P <.0001 D vs all other groups and P =.001 C vs groups A and B). No difference was seen in recurrence rates in groups A vs B (P = 1.0). Recurrences were more frequent in patients with normal liver enzymes (A + B vs C + D; P = .000003) and in patients without sonographic evidence of gallstones/sludge (A + C vs B + D; P =.0008). Conclusion: When AP is associated with significantly elevated liver enzymes on day 1, recurrence rates after cholecystectomy are low (9%). However, postcholecystectomy recurrence rates of AP are high in those without such laboratory abnormalities (34%), especially in those without gall bladder stones/sludge (61%) on abdominal ultrasonography. Our results raise doubts about the efficacy of cholecystectomy to prevent recurrent AP in patients with the absence of either a significant elevation of liver tests on day 1 of AP or gallstones and/or sludge in the gall bladder on initial ultrasound examination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)199-205
Number of pages7
JournalSurgery
Volume151
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2012

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Cholecystectomy
Gallstones
Sewage
Pancreatitis
Recurrence
Liver
Enzymes
Population
Urinary Bladder
Urinary Bladder Calculi
Aspartate Aminotransferases
Alanine Transaminase
Medical Records
Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

@article{441c2663036b472dbb9cf04073e03f61,
title = "Lack of significant liver enzyme elevation and gallstones and/or sludge on ultrasound on day 1 of acute pancreatitis is associated with recurrence after cholecystectomy: A population-based study",
abstract = "Background: In a population-based study, we examined recurrence rates of acute pancreatitis (AP) after cholecystectomy performed to prevent recurrences of AP. Methods: We abstracted data from medical records of all Olmsted county residents who underwent cholecystectomy at Mayo Clinic for the management of presumed gallstone or idiopathic AP between 1990 and 2005 (n = 239). Based on (i) significantly elevated liver enzymes (≥threefold increase of alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase) on day 1 and (ii) the presence of gallstones/sludge in the gall bladder, we categorized patients into 4 groups: A (i + ii), B (i but not ii), C (ii but not i), and D (neither i nor ii). Recurrence rates of AP after cholecystectomy were determined in all groups. Results: The median follow-up after cholecystectomy was 99 months (range, 8-220). AP recurred in 13 of 142 patients (9{\%}) in group A, 1 of 17 patients (6{\%}) in group B, 13 of 57 patients (23{\%}) in group C, and 14 of 23 patients (61{\%}) in group D (P <.0001 D vs all other groups and P =.001 C vs groups A and B). No difference was seen in recurrence rates in groups A vs B (P = 1.0). Recurrences were more frequent in patients with normal liver enzymes (A + B vs C + D; P = .000003) and in patients without sonographic evidence of gallstones/sludge (A + C vs B + D; P =.0008). Conclusion: When AP is associated with significantly elevated liver enzymes on day 1, recurrence rates after cholecystectomy are low (9{\%}). However, postcholecystectomy recurrence rates of AP are high in those without such laboratory abnormalities (34{\%}), especially in those without gall bladder stones/sludge (61{\%}) on abdominal ultrasonography. Our results raise doubts about the efficacy of cholecystectomy to prevent recurrent AP in patients with the absence of either a significant elevation of liver tests on day 1 of AP or gallstones and/or sludge in the gall bladder on initial ultrasound examination.",
author = "Jan Trna and Vege, {Santhi Swaroop} and Veronika Pribramska and Chari, {Suresh T} and Kamath, {Patrick Sequeira} and Kendrick, {Michael L.} and Farnell, {Michael B.}",
year = "2012",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.surg.2011.07.017",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "151",
pages = "199--205",
journal = "Surgery (United States)",
issn = "0039-6060",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Lack of significant liver enzyme elevation and gallstones and/or sludge on ultrasound on day 1 of acute pancreatitis is associated with recurrence after cholecystectomy

T2 - A population-based study

AU - Trna, Jan

AU - Vege, Santhi Swaroop

AU - Pribramska, Veronika

AU - Chari, Suresh T

AU - Kamath, Patrick Sequeira

AU - Kendrick, Michael L.

AU - Farnell, Michael B.

PY - 2012/2

Y1 - 2012/2

N2 - Background: In a population-based study, we examined recurrence rates of acute pancreatitis (AP) after cholecystectomy performed to prevent recurrences of AP. Methods: We abstracted data from medical records of all Olmsted county residents who underwent cholecystectomy at Mayo Clinic for the management of presumed gallstone or idiopathic AP between 1990 and 2005 (n = 239). Based on (i) significantly elevated liver enzymes (≥threefold increase of alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase) on day 1 and (ii) the presence of gallstones/sludge in the gall bladder, we categorized patients into 4 groups: A (i + ii), B (i but not ii), C (ii but not i), and D (neither i nor ii). Recurrence rates of AP after cholecystectomy were determined in all groups. Results: The median follow-up after cholecystectomy was 99 months (range, 8-220). AP recurred in 13 of 142 patients (9%) in group A, 1 of 17 patients (6%) in group B, 13 of 57 patients (23%) in group C, and 14 of 23 patients (61%) in group D (P <.0001 D vs all other groups and P =.001 C vs groups A and B). No difference was seen in recurrence rates in groups A vs B (P = 1.0). Recurrences were more frequent in patients with normal liver enzymes (A + B vs C + D; P = .000003) and in patients without sonographic evidence of gallstones/sludge (A + C vs B + D; P =.0008). Conclusion: When AP is associated with significantly elevated liver enzymes on day 1, recurrence rates after cholecystectomy are low (9%). However, postcholecystectomy recurrence rates of AP are high in those without such laboratory abnormalities (34%), especially in those without gall bladder stones/sludge (61%) on abdominal ultrasonography. Our results raise doubts about the efficacy of cholecystectomy to prevent recurrent AP in patients with the absence of either a significant elevation of liver tests on day 1 of AP or gallstones and/or sludge in the gall bladder on initial ultrasound examination.

AB - Background: In a population-based study, we examined recurrence rates of acute pancreatitis (AP) after cholecystectomy performed to prevent recurrences of AP. Methods: We abstracted data from medical records of all Olmsted county residents who underwent cholecystectomy at Mayo Clinic for the management of presumed gallstone or idiopathic AP between 1990 and 2005 (n = 239). Based on (i) significantly elevated liver enzymes (≥threefold increase of alanine aminotransferase or aspartate aminotransferase) on day 1 and (ii) the presence of gallstones/sludge in the gall bladder, we categorized patients into 4 groups: A (i + ii), B (i but not ii), C (ii but not i), and D (neither i nor ii). Recurrence rates of AP after cholecystectomy were determined in all groups. Results: The median follow-up after cholecystectomy was 99 months (range, 8-220). AP recurred in 13 of 142 patients (9%) in group A, 1 of 17 patients (6%) in group B, 13 of 57 patients (23%) in group C, and 14 of 23 patients (61%) in group D (P <.0001 D vs all other groups and P =.001 C vs groups A and B). No difference was seen in recurrence rates in groups A vs B (P = 1.0). Recurrences were more frequent in patients with normal liver enzymes (A + B vs C + D; P = .000003) and in patients without sonographic evidence of gallstones/sludge (A + C vs B + D; P =.0008). Conclusion: When AP is associated with significantly elevated liver enzymes on day 1, recurrence rates after cholecystectomy are low (9%). However, postcholecystectomy recurrence rates of AP are high in those without such laboratory abnormalities (34%), especially in those without gall bladder stones/sludge (61%) on abdominal ultrasonography. Our results raise doubts about the efficacy of cholecystectomy to prevent recurrent AP in patients with the absence of either a significant elevation of liver tests on day 1 of AP or gallstones and/or sludge in the gall bladder on initial ultrasound examination.

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