Motor vehicle accidents result in many patients with chronic head and neck pain, some of which meet the criteria for a "whiplash syndrome." The cervical zygapophysial joint synovium, muscular, and ligamentous strains and other anatomical sites are often implicated in the pathophysiology of these cases. Some patients have a characteristic constellation of vague neurological symptoms, often including headache, posterior neck discomfort, dizziness, nausea, and sometimes visual changes. Recently presented research has noted that some patients who have a whiplash-associated disorder have imaging findings consistent with a low-pressure cerebrospinal fluid leak. Some of these patients respond favorably to high-volume epidural blood patch. The following case presentation focuses on the differential diagnosis of a post-traumatic headache syndrome, specific imaging findings, and treatment strategies.
- Cerebrospinal fluid leak
- Cervical zygapophysial joint pain
- Epidural blood patch
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine