International Recommendations for Electrocardiographic Interpretation in Athletes

Sanjay Sharma, Jonathan A. Drezner, Aaron Baggish, Michael Papadakis, Mathew G. Wilson, Jordan M. Prutkin, Andre La Gerche, Michael J. Ackerman, Mats Borjesson, Jack C. Salerno, Irfan M. Asif, David S. Owens, Eugene H. Chung, Michael S. Emery, Victor F. Froelicher, Hein Heidbuchel, Carmen Adamuz, Chad A. Asplund, Gordon Cohen, Kimberly G. HarmonJoseph C. Marek, Silvana Molossi, Josef Niebauer, Hank F. Pelto, Marco V. Perez, Nathan R. Riding, Tess Saarel, Christian M. Schmied, David M. Shipon, Ricardo Stein, Victoria L. Vetter, Antonio Pelliccia, Domenico Corrado

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of mortality in athletes during sport. A variety of mostly hereditary, structural, or electrical cardiac disorders are associated with SCD in young athletes, the majority of which can be identified or suggested by abnormalities on a resting 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG). Whether used for diagnostic or screening purposes, physicians responsible for the cardiovascular care of athletes should be knowledgeable and competent in ECG interpretation in athletes. However, in most countries a shortage of physician expertise limits wider application of the ECG in the care of the athlete. A critical need exists for physician education in modern ECG interpretation that distinguishes normal physiological adaptations in athletes from distinctly abnormal findings suggestive of underlying pathology. Since the original 2010 European Society of Cardiology recommendations for ECG interpretation in athletes, ECG standards have evolved quickly over the last decade; pushed by a growing body of scientific data that both tests proposed criteria sets and establishes new evidence to guide refinements. On February 26-27, 2015, an international group of experts in sports cardiology, inherited cardiac disease, and sports medicine convened in Seattle, Washington, to update contemporary standards for ECG interpretation in athletes. The objective of the meeting was to define and revise ECG interpretation standards based on new and emerging research and to develop a clear guide to the proper evaluation of ECG abnormalities in athletes. This statement represents an international consensus for ECG interpretation in athletes and provides expert opinion-based recommendations linking specific ECG abnormalities and the secondary evaluation for conditions associated with SCD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1057-1075
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume69
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2017

Keywords

  • athlete
  • electrocardiogram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Sharma, S., Drezner, J. A., Baggish, A., Papadakis, M., Wilson, M. G., Prutkin, J. M., La Gerche, A., Ackerman, M. J., Borjesson, M., Salerno, J. C., Asif, I. M., Owens, D. S., Chung, E. H., Emery, M. S., Froelicher, V. F., Heidbuchel, H., Adamuz, C., Asplund, C. A., Cohen, G., ... Corrado, D. (2017). International Recommendations for Electrocardiographic Interpretation in Athletes. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 69(8), 1057-1075. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2017.01.015