Injection of prophylactic lorazepam versus antiseizure drugs on the localization value of ictal SPECT studies and treatment-emergent adverse events: A single-center prospective study

Chethan K. Rao, William O. Tatum, Benjamin H. Brinkmann, Akash Sharma, Kirsten H. Yelvington, Jospeh I. Sirven, Anthony L. Ritaccio, Jake H. McKay, Anteneh M. Feyissa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to examine the impact of resumption of home antiseizure drugs alone (ASD −) compared with adjunct administration of scheduled intravenous (IV) lorazepam 2 mg every 6 h (ASD +) following ictal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) injection on the localization value of SPECT studies and treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs). Methods: We conducted a prospective study at Mayo Clinic inpatient epilepsy monitoring unit (EMU) between January 2018 and May 2020 in Jacksonville, Florida. The ASD − and ASD + groups were compared for concordance of SPECT studies with the epilepsy surgical conference (ESC) consensus or intracranial electroencephalography (icEEG) findings as reference. Treatment-emergent adverse events, obtained from surveys at 24 h and one week postictal SPECT injection, were also compared between both groups. Results: Twenty-two consecutive patients with temporal (eight patients, 36%) and extratemporal (14 patients, 64%) epilepsy were included: 12 ASD + and 10 ASD −. The two groups were well matched with regard to clinical and ictal SPECT injection characteristics including the occurrence of seizure between ictal and interictal SPECT injections. The localization value of SPECT studies was similar in the two groups. Patients in the ASD + group reported higher rates of dizziness and excessive sedation at 24 h (p-value = 0.008). Fourteen patients (64%) underwent icEEG monitoring. For the entire cohort, the localization concordance of SPECT analysis by statistical parametric mapping (SPM) was superior to raw ictal SPECT (p-value = 0.003) and subtraction ictal SPECT coregistered to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (SISCOM; p-value = 0.021). Eventually, seven patients (31.8%) underwent resective brain surgery of whom four (57.1%) became seizure-free (median follow-up = 22 months). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that resuming home ASDs without the addition of scheduled IV lorazepam following inpatient ictal SPECT injection is equally efficacious for seizure onset zone (SOZ) localization on SPECT studies, especially SPM. This approach is also associated with fewer transient TEAEs and lower financial cost with no difference in preventing seizure between ictal and interictal SPECT injections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107500
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume115
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Presurgical evaluation
  • SPECT
  • SPM
  • Seizure onset zone
  • Treatment-emergent adverse events

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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