Inhibition of VEGF- and NO-dependent angiogenesis does not impair liver regeneration

U. Shergill, A. Das, D. Langer, R. S. Adluri, N. Maulik, V. H. Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Angiogenesis occurs through a convergence of diverse signaling mechanisms with prominent pathways that include autocrine effects of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS)-derived NO and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). However, the redundant and distinct roles of NO and VEGF in angiogenesis remain incompletely defined. Here, we use the partial hepatectomy model in mice genetically deficient in eNOS to ascertain the influence of eNOS-derived NO on the angiogenesis that accompanies liver regeneration. While sinusoidal endothelial cell (SEC) eNOS promotes angiogenesis in vitro, surprisingly the absence of eNOS did not influence the angiogenesis that occurs after partial hepatectomy in vivo. While this observation could not be attributed to induction of alternate NOS isoforms, it was associated with induction of VEGF signaling as evidenced by enhanced levels of VEGF ligand in regenerating livers from mice genetically deficient in eNOS. However, surprisingly, mice that were genetically heterozygous for deficiency in the VEGF receptor, fetal liver kinase-1, also maintained unimpaired capacity for liver regeneration. In summary, inhibition of VEGF- and NO-dependent angiogenesis does not impair liver regeneration, indicating signaling redundancies that allow liver regeneration to continue in the absence of this canonical vascular pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1279-R1287
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume298
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2010

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Endothelial nitric oxide synthase
  • Fetal liver kinase-1
  • Nitric oxide
  • Partial hepatectom
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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