Information processing biases in spider phobia: Application of the Stroop and "White Noise" Paradigm

Bunmi O. Olatunji, Craig Sawchuk, Thomas C. Lee, Jeffrey M. Lohr, David F. Tolin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examines attentional and implicit memory biases in spider phobic and nonphobic participants. The results showed that spider phobics demonstrated increased interference for neutral, negative, and spider-relevant words on a computerized Stroop task. However, no group differences emerged when adjusting for differences in color-naming speed. Prior exposure to a dead spider did result in higher overall Stroop interference in spider phobics and this appeared to be mostly pronounced for spider-relevant words. Implicit memory bias for threat was examined with a noise judgment task. Participants first heard neutral and spider-relevant sentences and implicit memory for these sentences was evaluated by having participants rate the volume of noise accompanying the presentation of old sentences intermixed with new sentences. An implicit memory bias is indicated if participants rate noise accompanying old sentences as less loud than noise accompanying new sentences. No evidence was found for an implicit memory bias in spider phobics. These findings are discussed in relation to the role of information processing biases in spider phobia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)187-200
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Spiders
Phobic Disorders
Automatic Data Processing
Noise
Phobia
Implicit Memory
Stroop
White Noise
Paradigm
Information Processing
Color

Keywords

  • Attentional bias
  • Implicit memory
  • Information processing
  • Spider phobia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Information processing biases in spider phobia : Application of the Stroop and "White Noise" Paradigm. / Olatunji, Bunmi O.; Sawchuk, Craig; Lee, Thomas C.; Lohr, Jeffrey M.; Tolin, David F.

In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol. 39, No. 2, 01.06.2008, p. 187-200.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Olatunji, Bunmi O. ; Sawchuk, Craig ; Lee, Thomas C. ; Lohr, Jeffrey M. ; Tolin, David F. / Information processing biases in spider phobia : Application of the Stroop and "White Noise" Paradigm. In: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 2008 ; Vol. 39, No. 2. pp. 187-200.
@article{fb764c28c4e94c7490c688f6f0cd2900,
title = "Information processing biases in spider phobia: Application of the Stroop and {"}White Noise{"} Paradigm",
abstract = "The present study examines attentional and implicit memory biases in spider phobic and nonphobic participants. The results showed that spider phobics demonstrated increased interference for neutral, negative, and spider-relevant words on a computerized Stroop task. However, no group differences emerged when adjusting for differences in color-naming speed. Prior exposure to a dead spider did result in higher overall Stroop interference in spider phobics and this appeared to be mostly pronounced for spider-relevant words. Implicit memory bias for threat was examined with a noise judgment task. Participants first heard neutral and spider-relevant sentences and implicit memory for these sentences was evaluated by having participants rate the volume of noise accompanying the presentation of old sentences intermixed with new sentences. An implicit memory bias is indicated if participants rate noise accompanying old sentences as less loud than noise accompanying new sentences. No evidence was found for an implicit memory bias in spider phobics. These findings are discussed in relation to the role of information processing biases in spider phobia.",
keywords = "Attentional bias, Implicit memory, Information processing, Spider phobia",
author = "Olatunji, {Bunmi O.} and Craig Sawchuk and Lee, {Thomas C.} and Lohr, {Jeffrey M.} and Tolin, {David F.}",
year = "2008",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jbtep.2007.03.002",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "39",
pages = "187--200",
journal = "Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry",
issn = "0005-7916",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Information processing biases in spider phobia

T2 - Application of the Stroop and "White Noise" Paradigm

AU - Olatunji, Bunmi O.

AU - Sawchuk, Craig

AU - Lee, Thomas C.

AU - Lohr, Jeffrey M.

AU - Tolin, David F.

PY - 2008/6/1

Y1 - 2008/6/1

N2 - The present study examines attentional and implicit memory biases in spider phobic and nonphobic participants. The results showed that spider phobics demonstrated increased interference for neutral, negative, and spider-relevant words on a computerized Stroop task. However, no group differences emerged when adjusting for differences in color-naming speed. Prior exposure to a dead spider did result in higher overall Stroop interference in spider phobics and this appeared to be mostly pronounced for spider-relevant words. Implicit memory bias for threat was examined with a noise judgment task. Participants first heard neutral and spider-relevant sentences and implicit memory for these sentences was evaluated by having participants rate the volume of noise accompanying the presentation of old sentences intermixed with new sentences. An implicit memory bias is indicated if participants rate noise accompanying old sentences as less loud than noise accompanying new sentences. No evidence was found for an implicit memory bias in spider phobics. These findings are discussed in relation to the role of information processing biases in spider phobia.

AB - The present study examines attentional and implicit memory biases in spider phobic and nonphobic participants. The results showed that spider phobics demonstrated increased interference for neutral, negative, and spider-relevant words on a computerized Stroop task. However, no group differences emerged when adjusting for differences in color-naming speed. Prior exposure to a dead spider did result in higher overall Stroop interference in spider phobics and this appeared to be mostly pronounced for spider-relevant words. Implicit memory bias for threat was examined with a noise judgment task. Participants first heard neutral and spider-relevant sentences and implicit memory for these sentences was evaluated by having participants rate the volume of noise accompanying the presentation of old sentences intermixed with new sentences. An implicit memory bias is indicated if participants rate noise accompanying old sentences as less loud than noise accompanying new sentences. No evidence was found for an implicit memory bias in spider phobics. These findings are discussed in relation to the role of information processing biases in spider phobia.

KW - Attentional bias

KW - Implicit memory

KW - Information processing

KW - Spider phobia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=41149108672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=41149108672&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2007.03.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jbtep.2007.03.002

M3 - Article

C2 - 17548048

AN - SCOPUS:41149108672

VL - 39

SP - 187

EP - 200

JO - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

JF - Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry

SN - 0005-7916

IS - 2

ER -