Influence of supramarginal resection on survival outcomes after gross-total resection of IDH-wild-type glioblastoma

Tito Vivas-Buitrago, Ricardo A. Domingo, Shashwat Tripathi, Gaetano De Biase, Desmond Brown, Oluwaseun O. Akinduro, Andres Ramos-Fresnedo, David S. Sabsevitz, Bernard R. Bendok, Wendy Sherman, Ian F. Parney, Mark E. Jentoft, Erik H. Middlebrooks, Fredric Meyer, Kaisorn L. Chaichana, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to use a multicenter, observational cohort study to determine whether supramarginal resection (SMR) of FLAIR-hyperintense tumor beyond the contrast-enhanced (CE) area influences the overall survival (OS) of patients with isocitrate dehydrogenase-wild-type (IDH-wt) glioblastoma after gross-total resection (GTR). METHODS The medical records of 888 patients aged ≥ 18 years who underwent resection of GBM between January 2011 and December 2017 were reviewed. Volumetric measurements of the CE tumor and surrounding FLAIR-hyperintense tumor were performed, clinical variables were obtained, and associations with OS were analyzed. RESULTS In total, 101 patients with newly diagnosed IDH-wt GBM who underwent GTR of the CE tumor met the inclusion criteria. In multivariate analysis, age ≥ 65 years (HR 1.97; 95% CI 1.01-2.56; p < 0.001) and contact with the lateral ventricles (HR 1.59; 95% CI 1.13-1.78; p = 0.025) were associated with shorter OS, but preoperative Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 70 (HR 0.47; 95% CI 0.27-0.89; p = 0.006), MGMT promotor methylation (HR 0.63; 95% CI 0.52-0.99; p = 0.044), and increased percentage of SMR (HR 0.99; 95% CI 0.98-0.99; p = 0.02) were associated with longer OS. Finally, 20% SMR was the minimum percentage associated with beneficial OS (HR 0.56; 95% CI 0.35-0.89; p = 0.01), but > 60% SMR had no significant influence (HR 0.74; 95% CI 0.45-1.21; p = 0.234). CONCLUSIONS SMR is associated with improved OS in patients with IDH-wt GBM who undergo GTR of CE tumor. At least 20% SMR of the CE tumor was associated with beneficial OS, but greater than 60% SMR had no significant influence on OS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of neurosurgery
Volume136
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2022

Keywords

  • FLAIR
  • IDH- wild type
  • contrast enhancement
  • extent of resection
  • glioblastoma
  • oncology
  • supramarginal resection
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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