Inflammatory and nutritional serum markers as predictors of peri-operative morbidity and survival in ovarian cancer

Amanika Kumar, Michelle L. Torres, William A. Cliby, Kimberly R. Kalli, Giorgio Bogani, Giovanni Aletti, Caroline C. Nitschmann, Francesco Multinu, Amy L. Weaver, Matthew S. Block, Andrea Mariani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aim: To identify preoperative nutritional and inflammatory markers that predict perioperative outcomes in patients with ovarian cancer (OC). Patients and Methods: Fifty patients who underwent primary debulking for advanced (stage III/IV) OC were selected from a cohort of patients who underwent surgery between 2002 and 2009. We analyzed C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL6) and albumin and their impact on mortality and surgical outcomeS. Results: Two patients were excluded since they did not have adequate measurements of CRP and IL6. Among the remaining patients, 25 (52%) were 70 years old. Nine (19%), 12 (25%) and 12 (25%) patients had low serum albumin (<3.0 g/dl), elevated CRP (70 mg/l) and elevated IL6 (24 pg/ml), respectively. Age was a significant predictor of non-home discharge (p=0.01). Low serum albumin (<3.0 g/dl) was a predictor of death within 6 month (p=0.03). Elevated CRP (70 mg/l) was a predictor of nonhome discharge (p=0.02), death within 6 months (p=0.02), death within 12 months (p=0.04), and longer hospital stay (p=0.01). Elevated IL6 (24 pg/ml) was a predictor of nonhome discharge (p=0.002) and surgical complications (p=0.02), and also associated with longer hospital stay (p=0.03). Conclusion: Poor nutrition and high inflammatory status negatively influence surgical and oncological outcomes of patients with OC. These preoperative markers can be used for selection of patients for neoadjuvant chemotherapy at high risk of short survival, non-home discharge and long hospital stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3673-3677
Number of pages5
JournalAnticancer research
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Albumin
  • CRP
  • Frailty
  • IL6
  • Malnutrition
  • Ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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