The following guidelines for prevention of catheterization laboratory infections are based on standard precautions for infection prevention in surgical wounds. Specific recommendations for patient preparation include proper methods for hair removal, skin cleaning and draping, antibiotic prophylaxis, wound irrigation and dressing, and sheath removal. Sterile precautions should be more vigorous for cutdown procedures compared to percutaneous. Caps, masks, gowns, and gloves help to protect both the patient and operator. Handwashing is the most important procedure for preventing infections. Maintenance of the catheterization laboratory environment includes appropriate cleaning, limitation of traffic, and maintenance of adequate ventilation. Proper catheterization technique and appropriate use of sterile equipment will decrease the wound infection rate. Protection of personnel may be accomplished by proper gowning and gloving, disposal of contaminated equipment, and care of puncture wounds and lacerations. All personnel should receive vaccination for hepatitis B.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine