Induction of a chronic disease state in patients with smoldering or indolent multiple myeloma by targeting interleukin 1β-induced interleukin 6 production and the myeloma proliferative component

John A. Lust, Martha Q. Lacy, Steven R. Zeldenrust, Angela Dispenzieri, Morie A. Gertz, Thomas E. Witzig, Shaji Kumar, Suzanne R. Hayman, Stephen J. Russell, Francis K. Buadi, Susan M. Geyer, Megan E. Campbell, Robert A. Kyle, S. Vincent Rajkumar, Philip R. Greipp, Michael P. Kline, Yuning Xiong, Laurie L. Moon-Tasson, Kathleen A. Donovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

175 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To conduct in vitro studies as well as a phase 2 clinical trial in patients with smoldering or indolent multiple myeloma to determine if interleukin 1 (IL-1) inhibitors can delay or prevent active myeloma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Stromal cells were cocultured with IL-1β-expressing myeloma cells in the presence of dexamethasone, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra), or both. Levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and of apoptosis were also quantified. Between November 19, 2002, and May 24, 2007, 47 patients were enrolled in the study and subsequently treated with IL-1Ra. In 25 (53%) of the 47 study patients, low-dose dexamethasone (20 mg/wk) was added. The primary end point was progression-free survival (PFS). RESULTS: In vitro, IL-1Ra was superior to dexamethasone at inhibiting IL-6 production; maximal IL-6 inhibition and apoptosis induction were achieved by addition of both IL-1Ra and dexamethasone. In the clinical trial, 3 patients achieved a minor response to IL-1Ra alone; 5 patients achieved a partial response and 4 patients a minor response after addition of dexamethasone. Seven patients showed a decrease in the plasma cell labeling index that paralleled a decrease in high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels. The median overall PFS was 37.5 months. The median PFS for patients without (n=12) or with (n=35) a greater than 15% decrease in 6-month vs baseline hs-CRP levels was 6 months and more than 3 years, respectively ( P=.002). Disease stability was maintained in 8 patients who received therapy for more than 4 years. CONCLUSION: In patients with smoldering or indolent multiple myeloma who were at risk of progression to active myeloma, treatment with IL-1 inhibitors decreased the myeloma proliferative rate and hs-CRP levels in those who responded, leading to a chronic disease state and an improved PFS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalMayo Clinic proceedings
Volume84
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Induction of a chronic disease state in patients with smoldering or indolent multiple myeloma by targeting interleukin 1β-induced interleukin 6 production and the myeloma proliferative component'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this