Background. In hepatitis C virus (HCV) recipients of donation after cardiac death (DCD) grafts, there is suggestion of lower rates of graft survival, indicating that DCD grafts themselves may represent a significant risk factor for severe recurrence of HCV. Methods. We evaluated all DCD liver transplant recipients from August 2006 to February 2011 at our center. Recipients with HCV who received a DCD graft (group 1, HCV+ DCD, n=17) were compared with non-HCV recipients transplanted with a DCD graft (group 2, HCV-DCD, n=15), and with a matched group of HCV recipients transplanted with a donation after brain death (DBD) graft (group 3, HCV+ DBD, n=42). Results. A trend of poorer graft survival was seen in HCV+ patients who underwent a DCD transplant (group 1) compared with HCV-patients who underwent a DCD transplant (group 2) (P=0.14). Importantly, a statistically significant difference in graft survival was seen in HCV+ patients undergoing DCD transplant (group 1) (73%) as compared with DBD transplant (group 3) (93%)(P=0.01). There was a statistically significant increase in HCV recurrence at 3 months (76% vs. 16%) (P=0.005) and severe HCV recurrence within the first year (47% vs. 10%) in the DCD group (P=0.004). Conclusions. HCV recurrence is more severe and progresses more rapidly in HCV+ recipients who receive grafts from DCD compared with those who receive grafts from DBD. DCD liver transplantation in HCV+ recipients is associated with a higher rate of graft failure compared with those who receive grafts from DBD. Caution must be taken when using DCD grafts in HCV+ recipients.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Sep 27 2011|
- Donation after cardiac death
- Hepatitis C virus
- Liver transplant
ASJC Scopus subject areas