Incidence of symptomatic venous thromboembolism in patients with hemophilia undergoing joint replacement surgery: A retrospective study

Juliana Perez Botero, Daniel B. Spoon, Mrinal S. Patnaik, Aneel A. Ashrani, Robert T. Trousdale, Rajiv K. Pruthi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a recognized complication after joint replacement surgery, and prophylaxis is routinely used in patients without bleeding disorders. However, for patients with hemophilia, pharmacologic prophylaxis is highly variable and controversial because of the inherent bleeding risk. Aim To review our institutional experience with outcomes of total knee or hip arthroplasty with regard to symptomatic VTE and use of VTE prophylaxis in patients with hemophilia and without inhibitors. Methods We reviewed records of 42 consecutive patients with hemophilia A or B who underwent 71 hip or knee replacements over a 39-year period. We also reviewed the literature to estimate the incidence of VTE after arthroplasty in the hemophilia population. Results All patients used compression stockings for up to 6 weeks after surgery; additionally, 6 cases (10.5%; 57 with available data) used sequential intermittent compression devices and 2 (2.8%) postoperatively received low-molecular-weight heparin. One patient (1.4%) who received low-molecular-weight heparin had a symptomatic, lower-extremity, deep venous thrombosis 10 days after hip replacement for traumatic fracture. None of the other 70 surgical cases had symptomatic VTE within 3 months after the procedure. Analysis of pooled data from published series of hemophilia patients undergoing arthroplasty showed an estimated incidence of symptomatic VTE of 0.5%. Conclusion Our study suggests that in patients with hemophilia, joint replacement surgery can be performed safely without routine pharmacologic VTE prophylaxis and without increasing risk of thromboembolic events. Pharmacologic VTE prophylaxis may be considered in select patients with known additional risk factors for VTE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-113
Number of pages5
JournalThrombosis research
Volume135
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Blood coagulation disorders
  • Blood coagulation factors
  • Embolism
  • Thrombosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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