Incidence and 1-year outcomes of perioperative atrial arrhythmia in elderly adults after hip fracture surgery

Bhanu P. Gupta, Rachel C. Steckelberg, Rachel E. Gullerud, Paul M. Huddleston, Lisa L. Kirkland, R. Scott Wright, Jeanne M. Huddleston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives To determine the incidence and 1-year outcomes of an elderly population with perioperative atrial arrhythmia (PAA) within 7 days of hip fracture surgery. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting The Rochester Epidemiology Project (REP). Participants Elderly adults consecutive undergoing hip fracture repair from 1988 to 2002 in Olmsted County, Minnesota (N = 1,088, mean age 84.0 ± 7.4, 80.2% female). Measurements Baseline clinical variables were analyzed in relation to survival using Cox proportional hazards methods for comparison. Results Sixty-one participants (5.6%) developed PAA within the first 7 days. During 1 year of follow-up, 239 (22%) participants died. PAA was associated with greater mortality (45% vs 21%; hazard ratio (HR) = 2.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.9-4.2). Other mortality risk factors were male sex (HR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.5-2.6), congestive heart failure (HR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.7-2.8), chronic renal insufficiency (HR = 2.0, 95% CI = 1.5-2.8), dementia (HR = 2.9, 95% CI = 2.2-3.7), and American Society of Anesthesiologists risk Class III, IV, or V (HR = 3.3, 95% CI = 1.9-5.9). Conclusion Elderly adults undergoing hip fracture surgery who develop PAA within 7 days have significantly higher 1-year mortality than those who do not. Further studies are indicated to determine whether prevention of PAA will reduce mortality in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2269-2274
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume63
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

Keywords

  • aged
  • cardiac arrhythmias
  • hip fractures
  • postoperative complication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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    Gupta, B. P., Steckelberg, R. C., Gullerud, R. E., Huddleston, P. M., Kirkland, L. L., Wright, R. S., & Huddleston, J. M. (2015). Incidence and 1-year outcomes of perioperative atrial arrhythmia in elderly adults after hip fracture surgery. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63(11), 2269-2274. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.13789