OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the recent changes in the outcome of coronary interventions in patients with unstable angina (UA). BACKGROUND: An early invasive strategy has not been shown to be superior to conservative treatment in patients with UA. Earlier studies had utilized older technology. Interventional approaches have changed in the recent past, but to our knowledge, no large studies have addressed the impact of these changes on the outcome of coronary interventions. METHODS: We analyzed the in-hospital and intermediate-term outcome in 7,632 patients with UA who underwent coronary interventions in the last two decades. The study population was divided into three groups: group 1, n = 2,209 who had coronary intervention from 1979 to 1989; group 2, n = 2,212 with interventions from 1990 to 1993; and group 3, n = 3,211 treated from 1994 to 1998. RESULTS: Group 2 and 3 patients were older and sicker compared with group 1 patients. The clinical success improved significantly in group 3 (94.1%) compared with group 2 (87%) and group 1 (76.5%) (p < 0.001). There was a significant reduction in in-hospital mortality, Q-wave myocardial infarction and need for emergency bypass surgery in group 3 compared with the earlier groups. One-year event-free survival was also significantly higher in the recent group compared with the earlier groups: 77% in group 3, 70% in group 2 and 74% in group 1 (p < 0.001). With the use of multivariate models to adjust for clinical and angiographic variables, treatment during the most recent era was found to be independently associated with improved in-hospital and intermediate-term outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: There has been significant improvement in the in-hospital and intermediate-term outcome of coronary interventions in patients with UA in recent years; newer trials comparing conservative and invasive strategies are therefore needed. (C) 2000 by the American College of Cardiology.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine