Because hepatic dysfunction is common in patients with heart failure (HF), the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) may be attractive for risk stratification. Although alternative scores such as the MELD-XI or MELD-Na may be more appropriate in HF populations, the short-term clinical implications of these in patients with acute heart failure (AHF) are unknown. The MELD-XI and MELD-Na were calculated at baseline in 453 patients with AHF in the DOSE-AHF and ROSE-AHF trials. The correlations and associations for each score with cardiorenal biomarkers, short-term end points at 72 hours including worsening renal function and clinical events to 60 days were determined. The median MELD-XI and MELD-Na was 16 and 17, respectively. Both were correlated with baseline cystatin C, amino terminus pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, and plasma renin activity (p <0.003 for all). MELD-XI ≤16 and MELD-Na ≤17 were associated with a slight increase in cystatin C (p <0.02 for both), higher diuretic efficiency (p <0.001 for both), but not with change in global visual assessment scores (p >0.05 for both) at 72 hours. Neither score was associated with worsening renal function or worsening HF (p >0.05 for all). Similarly, both the MELD-XI and MELD-Na were not associated with 60-day death/any rehospitalization and 60-day death/HF rehospitalization in adjusted analyses when analyzes as a dichotomous or continuous variable (p >0.05 for all). In conclusion, the alternative MELD scores correlated with baseline cardiorenal biomarkers, and lower baseline MELD scoring was associated with higher diuretic efficiency and a slight increase in cystatin C through 72 hours. However, MELD-Na and MELD-XI were not predictive of 60-day clinical events.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine