Impact of Glomerulitis on Long-term Outcomes After Kidney Transplantation

Morgan Whigham, Raymond Lackner Heilman, Sumi Sukumaran Nair, Matthew R. Buras, Elisabeth S. Lim, Andres Jaramillo, Daniel S. Ramon, Margaret S. Ryan, Girish K. Mour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background. The Banff classification scheme provides a framework for interpreting transplant kidney biopsies and has undergone various updates in the past 2 decades especially related to antibody-mediated rejection. The clinical significance of early glomerulitis seen within 4 mo on protocol biopsies has received limited attention. We hypothesized that early glomerulitis seen on protocol biopsies will lead to significant adverse outcomes as assessed by histopathology and allograft outcome. Methods. A single-center retrospective study of a cohort of patients who underwent protocol biopsies within 4 mo after transplantation with timely follow-up protocol biopsies were assessed. Patients with recurrent glomerulonephritis were excluded. Results. We calculated glomerulitis (g) scores for 2212 biopsy specimens and identified 186 patients with glomerulitis (g > 0) and 2026 patients without glomerulitis (g = 0). The progression to chronic transplant glomerulopathy at 1 and 2 y was higher in patients with g > 0 as compared with g = 0 (year 1, 10.7% versus 2.3% [P < 0.001]‚ respectively; year 2, 17.2% versus 4.3% [P < 0.001], respectively) with no difference in other chronic lesions. The death-censored graft failure rate was higher in patients with g > 0 as compared with g = 0 (hazard ratio, 1.68 [95% CI, 1.07-2.65]; P = 0.02). We did not find any difference in outcomes in glomerulitis group based on donor-specific antibody. Conclusion. Our findings suggest that early glomerulitis (seen within 4 mo after transplantation) may lead to clinically significant long-term changes and thus could be a target for early intervention therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E1381
JournalTransplantation Direct
Volume8
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 22 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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