Impact of early conversion from tacrolimus to sirolimus on chronic allograft changes in kidney recipients on rapid steroid withdrawal

Raymond L. Heilman, Cherise Cortese, Xochiquetzal J. Geiger, Kerrie Younan, Hani M. Wadei, Martin L. Mai, Kunam S. Reddy, Thomas A. Gonwa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND.: Calcineurin-inhibitor therapy is a contributing factor to the origin of interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IFTA). METHODS.: We conducted a prospective randomized trial of conversion of tacrolimus to sirolimus at 1-month posttransplant in kidney transplant recipients on rapid steroid withdrawal. We compared the chronic changes (IFTA and sum of Banff chronic scores-Total Score) on protocol biopsies at 1 month, 1 year, and 2 years in all randomized patients. We compared the outcomes between treatment groups and analyzed the impact of previous rejection on the chronic changes. RESULTS.: We randomized 122 patients, 62 to sirolimus and 60 to tacrolimus. The 1-year biopsy was performed in 54 patients (90%) of the tacrolimus group and 56 patients (90%) of the sirolimus group. The proportion of biopsies with IFTA more than or equal to 2 and the Total Score more than 2 increased over the 2 years but were not different between the study groups at any time point. On the 1-year biopsy, there was more IFTA, and the fraction with Total Score more than 2 was higher in the tacrolimus group with previous rejection. In the cohort without rejection, there was a significant progression of the IFTA and Total Score between 1 and 2 years in both the sirolimus and tacrolimus groups. CONCLUSION.: Conversion from tacrolimus to sirolimus at 1-month posttransplant in kidney transplant recipients on rapid steroid withdrawal does not decrease the progression of chronic changes on protocol biopsies during the first 2 years even in those patients without previous acute rejection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-53
Number of pages7
JournalTransplantation
Volume93
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2012

Keywords

  • Interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Protocol biopsy
  • Sirolimus
  • Steroid avoidance
  • Tacrolimus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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