Colorectal tumor-associated antigens are attractive targets for novel stool-screening assays. MUC1, a glycoprotein antigen, is aberrantly expressed in transformed colorectal mucosa and represents a candidate fecal biomarker. In this study, tissue staining and stool testing were performed to further clarify the discriminant potential of MUC1 in markedly different biologic media. One anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody (MA5) was used for immunohistochemistry and two commercially available MUC1 assay kits (ELSA-CA 15-3 and Truquant BR) were used for stool detection. On tissue staining, MUC1 expression was strong in 40/40 (100%) adenocarcinomas, moderate in 42/55 (76%) adenomas, faint in 8/28 (29%) juxtatumoral mucosa specimens, and absent in 15/15 (0%) nonadjacent mucosa specimens. Conversely MUC1 levels in stool testing did not differ between colorectal cancer cases (N = 14) and controls (N = 14). Based on these results, MUC1 appears to be a functional tumor biomarker in colorectal tissue but not in stool. Bacterial metabolism within stool may unmask the core antigen of MUC1 and account for this discordance in immunoreactivity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Digestive diseases and sciences|
|State||Published - 2000|
- Colorectal neoplasms
- Stool tests
ASJC Scopus subject areas