Imipenem-relebactam susceptibility testing of gram-negative bacilli by agar dilution, disk diffusion, and gradient strip methods compared with broth microdilution

Hanna Hakvoort, Evelyn Bovenkamp, Kerryl E. Greenwood-Quaintance, Suzannah M. Schmidt-Malan, Jay N. Mandrekar, Audrey N. Schuetz, Robin Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to determine whether agar dilution, research-use-only disk diffusion (Mast Group Ltd., Bootle Merseyside, UK), Etest (bioMérieux, Inc., Durham, NC), and MIC test strip (MTS) (Liofilchem, Inc., Waltham, MA) methods yield equivalent results to those of broth microdilution (BMD) for imipenem-relebactam susceptibility testing using a collection of 297 Gram-negative bacilli, including members of the order Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, enriched for drug resistance. MIC and disk diameter results were interpreted using United States Food and Drug Administration breakpoints. Overall, 76.8% of the isolates tested were susceptible to imipenem-relebactam by BMD. MIC values for agar dilution, Etest, and MTS were not significantly different from that for BMD, although they tended to be 1 to 2 dilutions higher. Essential agreement was 95.6% for agar dilution, 90.6% for Etest, and 85.2% for MTS. Categorical agreement was 98.0% for agar dilution, 73.1% for disk diffusion, 96.3% for Etest, and 96.6% for MTS. In conclusion, agar dilution and Etest yielded comparable results to BMD for imipenem-relebactam.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0069520
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Volume58
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Agar dilution
  • Broth microdilution
  • Disk diffusion
  • Gradient strips
  • Imipenem-relebactam
  • Susceptibility testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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