Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine if a laparoscopic approach reduces complications and length of stay (LOS) after total proctocolectomy with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (TPC-IPAA) in pediatric patients using a multicenter prospective database. Methods: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project Pediatric database from 2012 to 2015 was used to identify patients with a diagnosis of chronic ulcerative colitis (CUC) or familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) undergoing TPC-IPAA. Major complications, minor complications, and prolonged LOS were compared based on laparoscopic versus open approach. Results: 195 (108 female) patients underwent TPC-IPAA at a median age of 14 years (IQR: 11–16) for CUC (N = 99) or FAP (N = 96). Two-thirds of cases were laparoscopic. A laparoscopic approach was not associated with major complications, but lower odds of minor complications were observed. A reduced LOS was seen in laparoscopic versus open surgery (median LOS 6 vs 8 days, p < 0.01). Open IPAA was independently associated with prolonged LOS (> 9 days) in the FAP cohort (OR 4.0, 95% CI 1.1–14.0). Conclusion: A laparoscopic approach was not associated with increased major complications but was associated with lower odds of minor complications and shorter LOS. The laparoscopic approach should continue to be preferred for pouch procedures in pediatric patients. Type of study: Treatment; retrospective study. Level of evidence: Level III.
- Laparoscopic surgery
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health