Background/Aim: To develop a tool for estimating the risk of developing new cerebral lesions in 69 melanoma patients receiving radiosurgery for 1-3 cerebral metastases. Patients and Methods: Ten factors were investigated: lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), radiosurgery dose, age, gender, performance status, maximum diameter, location and number of cerebral lesions, extra-cranial spread, time between melanoma diagnosis and radiosurgery. Two factors, number of lesions and extra-cranial spread, were included in the tool. Scoring points were achieved by dividing the 6-month rate of freedom from new cerebral lesions by 10. Results: Sum scores were 9, 11, 12 or 14 points. Six-month rates of freedom from new brain metastases were 28%, 63%, 59% and 92% (p=0.002). Three prognostic groups were designed: A (9 points), B (11-12 points) and C (14 points). Freedom from new cerebral lesion rates were 28%, 60% and 92% (p<0.001). Conclusion: Group A and B patients should be considered for additional whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2014|
- New brain metastases
- Predictive score
- Whole-brain irradiation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research