PURPOSE: NOTCH signaling is associated with tumorigenesis, mutagenesis, and immune tolerance in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), indicating its association with the clinical benefit of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI). We hypothesized that NOTCH mutation in NSCLC might be a robust predictor of immunotherapeutic efficacy. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Multiple-dimensional data including genomic, transcriptomic, and clinical data from cohorts of NSCLC internal and public cohorts involving immunotherapeutic patients were analyzed. Polymorphism Phenotyping v2 (PolyPhen-2) system was performed to determine deleterious NOTCH mutation (del-NOTCHmut). Further investigation on molecular mechanism was performed in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) data via CIBERSORT and gene set enrichment analysis. RESULTS: Our 3DMed cohort (n = 58) and other four cohorts (Rizvi, POPLAR/OAK, Van Allen, and MSKCC; n = 1,499) uncovered marked correlation between NOTCH1/2/3 mutation and better ICI outcomes in EGFR/ALKWT population, including objective response rate (2.20-fold, P = 0.001), progression-free survival [HR, 0.61; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.46-0.81; P = 0.001], and overall survival (HR, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.32-0.96; P = 0.035). Del-NOTCHmut exhibited better predictive function than non-deleterious NOTCH mutation, potentially via greater transcription of genes related to DNA damage response and immune activation. Del-NOTCHmut was not linked with prognosis in TCGA cohorts and chemotherapeutic response, but was independently associated with immunotherapeutic benefit, delineating the predictive, but not prognostic, utility of del-NOTCHmut. CONCLUSIONS: This work distinguishes del-NOTCHmut as a potential predictor to favorable ICI response in NSCLC, highlighting the importance of genomic profiling in immunotherapy. More importantly, our results unravel a possibility of personalized combination immunotherapy as adding NOTCH inhibitor to ICI regimen in NSCLC, for the optimization of ICI treatment in clinical practice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Jul 15 2020|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research