Histologic regression of fibrillary glomerulonephritis: The first report of biopsy-proven spontaneous resolution of disease

Miroslav Sekulic, Samih H. Nasr, Joseph P. Grande, Lynn D. Cornell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Fibrillary glomerulonephritis (FGN) is a rare immune complex type glomerulonephritis characterized by glomerular deposition of randomly oriented fibrils measuring 10-30nm in thickness, and typically presents with proteinuria with or without renal insufficiency and hematuria. We present a case in which a patient initially presented at age 41 years with nephroticrange proteinuria and hypertension; a kidney biopsy showed FGN. The patient was treated with angiotensin receptor blockage only, without immunosuppression as per patient preference, and the level of protein in the urine improved. During the follow-up period of 17 years, the patient developed type 2 diabetes mellitus. The patient re-presented with nephrotic-range proteinuria 17 years later, at the age of 58 years. A kidney biopsy was performed and showed diffuse diabetic glomerulosclerosis with secondary focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and related vascular changes. There was no evidence of FGN by immunofluorescence or electron microscopy. Although FGN has been rarely reported to regress clinically, this is the first documented case of histologic regression of FGN. The potential for FGN fibrils to regress spontaneously is important in the management of FGN patients considering that currently available immunosuppressive agents have limited efficacy, and is an encouraging finding for future studies aiming to find a cure for the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)738-741
Number of pages4
JournalClinical Kidney Journal
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

Keywords

  • diabetic nephropathy
  • fibrillary glomerulopathy
  • immune complex glomerulonephritis
  • immunosuppressive therapy
  • kidney biopsy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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