Hind limb ischemia-reperfusion injury in diet-induced obese mice

Hassan Albadawi, Rahmi Oklu, Nicholas R. Cormier, Ryan M. O'Keefe, James T. Heaton, James B. Kobler, William G. Austen, Michael T. Watkins

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15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Obesity is a major risk factor for the development of diabetes. Limb ischemia-reperfusion injury (IR) is a common clinical problem in diabetics who have compromised lower extremity perfusion. This study compared the histologic, metabolic, and functional outcomes after hind limb IR in diet-induced obese (DIO) and non-diabetic (ND) mice during the acute and the regenerative phases of IR. Methods DIO and ND mice were subjected to 1.5 h unilateral hind limb ischemia followed by 1- or 28-d IR. Muscle morphology, metabolic, and genomic stress were evaluated at days 1 and 28 IR; Acute inflammation and thrombosis were only measured at day-1 IR. At day 28, IR, skeletal muscle contractility, and maturation were also assessed. Results At day-1 IR, similar levels of acute muscle fiber necrosis were seen in both groups. DIO mice demonstrated substantially greater inflammatory, prothrombotic, and genomic stress responses, which were also associated with a greater reduction in energy substrates and Akt phosphorylation. At 28d, there was no difference in the peak forces generated in the hind limbs for the two groups. DIO mice had reduced fatigue resistance compared with ND and larger areas of fat accumulation although there was no significant difference in muscle fiber maturation. Conclusions DIO mice had an exacerbated acute response to IR with enhanced metabolic deficit, fat accumulation, and defective functional recovery during the regenerative phase of IR. These changes in fatigue resistance reflect compromised functional recovery after IR injury and have relevance for the functional recovery of patients with metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-691
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume190
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Diet-induced obesity
  • Inflammation
  • Insulin resistance
  • Limb ischemia
  • Metabolism
  • Muscle contraction
  • Muscle regeneration
  • Phosphoinositide-3-kinase-protein kinase B/Akt pathway
  • Reperfusion injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Albadawi, H., Oklu, R., Cormier, N. R., O'Keefe, R. M., Heaton, J. T., Kobler, J. B., Austen, W. G., & Watkins, M. T. (2014). Hind limb ischemia-reperfusion injury in diet-induced obese mice. Journal of Surgical Research, 190(2), 683-691. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2014.01.020