This work presents a unique single center experience with intra-arterial delivery of tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) doses as high as 100mg for thrombolysis. Hemorrhage volumes, hemorrhage rates, clinical outcomes and radiographic outcomes were assessed. Prospectively collected angiographic, clinical and laboratory information on 67 consecutive patients with acute ischemic stroke involving either the ml segment of the middle cerebral artery, the intracranial internal carotid artery or the basilar artery were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who received more than 50 mg t-PA were compared with those patients receiving 50 mg or less. Outcome measures included: symptomatic hemorrhage, significant hemorrhage volume (greater than 25 ml), hemorrhage rate, change in National Institutes of Health stroke scale score at 24 hours and at hospital discharge, modified Rankin score at 90 days, in-hospital deaths, death within 90 days, reperfusion rate, and infarct volume. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that t-PA dose over 50 mg was associated with higher rates of hemorrhage and larger hemorrhages. Poor pial collateral formation, poor reperfusion (less than 50% of the territory involved), and platelet count below 200 K/μL influenced hemorrhage. Limiting t-PA dose to 100mg rather than 50mg improved documented reperfusion rates from 37% to 61%. Restricting intra-arterial t-PA administration to 100mg rather than 50mg, is associated with higher overall reperfusion rates and improves overall outcomes, however, the hemorrhage rate is also elevated. Poor pial collateral formation and platelet count less than 200 K/μL may be reasons to curtail the use of higher t-PA dose to reduce hemorrhage rate.
- Acute ischemic stroke
- Intracerebral hemorrhage
- Thrombolytic therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Clinical Neurology
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine