Harvey Cushing's contributions to motor mapping: 1902-1912

Courtney Pendleton, Hasan A. Zaidi, Kaisorn L. Chaichana, Shaan M. Raza, Benjamin S. Carson, Aaron A. Cohen-Gadol, Alfredo Quinones-Hinojosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


This review examined Dr. Harvey Cushing's cases in the surgical records of Johns Hopkins Hospital, from 1896 to 1912. 41 patients who underwent cortical stimulation for intra-operative motor mapping were selected for further analysis. We demonstrate that Cushing used cortical stimulation to define primary motor and sensory cortices in the treatment of tumors, trauma, and epilepsy, within adult and pediatric populations. In addition, he performed stimulation of sub-cortical white matter during 4 of these surgeries, setting the stage for contemporary use of this technique in improving post-operative outcomes. This review of Cushing's early intra-operative motor mapping illuminates his contributions, and clarifies his influence on the evolution of cortical mapping from an experimental technique to a staple of contemporary neurosurgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-14
Number of pages8
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012


  • Epilepsy
  • Harvey Cushing
  • Motor cortex mapping

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience


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