Genetic anticipation and breast cancer: A prospective follow-up study

Andrew D. Paterson, David M.J. Naimark, Jian Huang, Celine Vachon, Arturas Petronis, Richard A. King, V. Elving Anderson, Thomas A. Sellers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Genetic anticipation is characterized by an earlier age of disease onset, increased severity, and a greater proportion of affected individuals in succeeding generations. The discovery of trinucleotide repeat expansion (TRE) mutations as the molecular correlate of anticipation in a number of rare Mendelian neurodegenerative disorders has led to a resurgence of interest in this phenomenon. Because of the difficulties presented to traditional genetics by complex diseases, the testing for genetic anticipation coupled with TRE detection has been proposed as a strategy for expediting the identification of susceptibility genes for complex disorders. In the case of breast cancer, a number of previous studies found evidence consistent with genetic anticipation. It is known that a proportion of such families are linked to either BRCA1 or BACA2, but no TRE mutations have been identified. It has been shown that the typical ascertainment employed in studies purporting to demonstrate genetic anticipation combined with unadjusted statistical analysis can dramatically elevate the type I error. We re-examine the evidence for anticipation in breast cancer by applying a new statistical approach that appears to have validity in the analysis of anticipation to data ascertained from a recent follow-up of a large prospective cohort family study of breast cancer. Using this approach, we find no statistically significant evidence for genetic anticipation in familial breast cancer. We discuss the limitations of our analysis, including the problem of adequate sample size for this new statistical test.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-28
Number of pages8
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume55
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 6 1999

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Keywords

  • Age of diagnosis
  • Ascertainment
  • Breast cancer
  • Genetic anticipation
  • Prospective cohort family study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Paterson, A. D., Naimark, D. M. J., Huang, J., Vachon, C., Petronis, A., King, R. A., Anderson, V. E., & Sellers, T. A. (1999). Genetic anticipation and breast cancer: A prospective follow-up study. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 55(1), 21-28. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006151132592